The hottest contract energy management becomes a s

2022-08-01
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Contract energy management has become a powerful tool for energy conservation and emission reduction the 12th Five Year Plan for energy conservation and emission reduction issued recently lists contract energy management among the top ten key projects for energy conservation and emission reduction. As a market-oriented energy-saving service mode, contract energy management has ushered in a period of rapid development after entering China for more than ten years.

a chemical enterprise, due to the aging of equipment and process flow, the production cost remains high, and the electricity bill alone will cost 30million yuan per year. At the same time, the waste heat and gas emission has put the enterprise under pressure to reduce emissions for a long time. The chemical plant wants to carry out equipment and process transformation, but it is unable to do so because it does not have tens of millions of yuan of capital investment. At this time, an energy-saving service company took the initiative and signed an 8-year contract with the chemical enterprise. Energy saving companies provide energy-saving transformation technologies for free. 12. stress control rate range: 0.005% ~ 6% fs/s funds and equipment. As a result, chemical enterprises have successfully achieved energy conservation and emission reduction goals, saved 10million yuan of electricity in that year, and obtained part of the proceeds from the sale of waste heat and waste gas. According to the agreement, the energy-saving company obtains 80% of the sales revenue from saving electricity and waste heat and waste gas every year

this is a typical contract energy management. Geyafei, the largest energy-saving system integration service provider in China and President of Zhejiang Dunan artificial environment Co., Ltd., said that this model uses the market-oriented mechanism to improve energy efficiency, reduce emissions and save costs in the case of zero investment; Energy saving companies have explored potential market opportunities and reasonably shared energy-saving benefits; Government departments should reduce the financial expenditure pressure on environmental protection and people's livelihood; People enjoy the blue water and blue sky brought by energy conservation and emission reduction. Due to the win-win situation of multiple parties, contract energy management has gradually become an important operation mode in the domestic energy conservation and emission reduction market

the demand for energy conservation has accelerated the release of the pressure from government supervision and the endogenous power of enterprise transformation and upgrading, which has led to the explosive growth of contract energy transactions.

contract energy management entered China at the end of the last century. Over the past decade, a number of professional energy-saving service companies have sprung up. However, due to unclear national policies, low customer enthusiasm, insufficient technical and financial strength of energy-saving companies and other reasons, the original compound annual growth rate reached 18%, which failed to be widely implemented

in order to support the development of contract energy management, the State Council issued the opinions on accelerating the implementation of contract energy management and promoting the development of energy-saving service industry in April2010, requiring that financial subsidies, tax incentives and policy support should be considered for projects carrying out contract energy management. Since 2010, the demand for energy-saving services of enterprises has been released rapidly, and the trading volume of contract energy has exploded. As of June this year, China's contract energy management market has exceeded 600billion yuan

there are external and internal reasons why enterprises are more proactive in energy conservation, emission reduction and contract energy management. Liujing, a researcher at Minsheng securities, believes that from the external perspective, according to the 12th Five Year Plan for energy conservation and emission reduction issued by the State Council, China will achieve a 16% reduction in energy consumption per unit of GDP by 2015 compared with 2010, and incorporate the implementation of tasks into the performance management of local governments and implement accountability, which will make enterprises feel strong external regulatory pressure; From the internal perspective, affected by the decline of macroeconomic growth, the reduction of product profits, the rise of energy prices and other factors, the enterprise must give up the extensive business model in the past, especially the large energy consuming enterprises such as steel, coal, electricity, petrochemical and power generation. Only by means of energy conservation and consumption reduction, can it carry out refined cost management and improve the content of production technology to meet the current challenges

it is generally believed in the industry that compared with a few years ago, the business opportunities in the energy-saving service market are no longer theoretical. According to the 12th Five Year Plan for the development of energy conservation and environmental protection industries issued by the State Council, ICF products are also easy to take shape. By 2015, the total output value of China's energy conservation and environmental protection industries will strive to reach 4.5 trillion yuan, with the added value accounting for about 2% of the GDP, and the output value of energy conservation and environmental protection industries will increase by more than 15% annually. The 12th Five Year Plan for the development of national strategic emerging industries proposes that by 2015, the sales of energy-saving service industry adopting the contract energy management mechanism will maintain an average annual growth rate of 30%

the increasing market demand has attracted more and more enterprises to seek gold. According to statistics, as of the first half of this year, China has registered 4000 energy-saving service companies, with a total output value of more than 100billion yuan. Taking Dunan environment as an example, the company began to lay out the energy-saving market in early 2010. One year later, Dunan (Tianjin) energy saving system Co., Ltd., the headquarters of energy-saving industry, was established in Tianjin, transforming from a product manufacturer in air conditioning related industries to an energy-saving system integration service provider. In more than two years, Dunan energy conservation has signed 14 orders, and obtained a contract value of 3.58 billion yuan in the first half of this year alone

among the industries that focus on industrial energy conservation

economic operation, the industrial sector has the largest energy consumption, the most serious waste and the most energy-saving potential

some analysts believe that in addition to the rapid growth of market demand, energy-saving enterprises have changed their market development strategies, Another major reason is to shift from focusing on civil life to focusing on industrial energy conservation, especially industrial waste heat

Liu Jing believes that energy-saving companies used to focus their market development on power saving, frequency conversion and other civil life fields, such as replacing incandescent lamps with energy-saving lamps or LED lamps, frequency conversion transformation of motors such as air conditioners, and energy-saving management of a commercial office building. These projects are generally small in scale, difficult to form scale advantages, and have no obvious effect on the overall energy conservation and emission reduction of the national economy. Relatively speaking, if the system hierarchical management order can be obtained in the industrial field, the contract amount will increase by more than ten times or even dozens of times, and energy-saving companies and industrial enterprises can obtain stable and sustainable returns

wangyuanfeng, professor and doctoral supervisor of Beijing Jiaotong University, agreed with this. He believes that among the industries in economic operation, the industrial sector has the largest energy consumption, the most serious waste and the most energy-saving potential. Many petrochemical, steel, power generation and glass manufacturing enterprises have generated a large amount of waste heat in production, which will be wasted if not recycled

according to the estimates of relevant departments, during the 12th Five Year Plan period, China's industrial waste heat energy saving potential will reach 90million tons to 100million tons of standard coal, and the market scale will also reach 300billion yuan

the benefits and potential of industrial waste heat recovery and utilization can be seen from the ongoing coal to gas heating. Geyafei believes that changing to natural gas heating will not only aggravate the contradiction between supply and demand of natural gas, make the government allocate a large amount of financial funds for special subsidies, but also squeeze the space of urban underground pipelines. If it is changed to coal to industrial waste heat or renewable energy heating, the above problems will be significantly alleviated

another advantage of carrying out energy-saving services in the field of industrial waste heat is that it can give full play to the advantages of system energy conservation. Liu Jing believes that for energy-saving system integration service providers with strong strength, large-scale industrial energy conservation is conducive to giving full play to their ability to comprehensively optimize the operation of various production links, improving the cascade utilization efficiency of energy, and achieving the best effect of overall energy conservation

the bottleneck of development has yet to be broken through

large investment, slow recovery, difficult financing, poor credit, etc., which have become layers of obstacles restricting contract energy management

large capital investment and long recovery period are the number one problem to test contract energy management. For energy-saving companies, a strong sustainable financing capability is the premise for them to become bigger and stronger. Dunan energy conservation has faced investors' concerns about its capital pressure after signing several billion yuan of contracts in a row. In this regard, the person in charge of Dunan energy saving system Co., Ltd. said that this worry is unnecessary. On the one hand, the project is completed year by year and phase by phase. After it is put into operation, it can form charges, generate stable cash inflow, and gradually form the rolling development of the project's own funds; On the other hand, as a listed company, Dunan environment has diversified financing channels. Combined with the original capital reserves, capital is not a problem

however, not all energy-saving service companies are able to live comfortably. A large number of small and medium-sized energy-saving companies are facing the problem of growing up because of their limited self owned funds and difficulties in obtaining bank loans. A survey conducted by China Energy Conservation Association shows that more than 70% of small and medium-sized energy-saving service companies face the greatest difficulty in financing at this stage

the lack of integrity makes some enterprises have lingering fears about energy contract management. It is learned that energy-saving service companies have been in breach of contract during the payback period, which has led to the loss of early-stage investment from time to time in recent years. Shandong Dianshi Energy Saving Technology Development Co., Ltd., one of the earliest enterprises in China to try contract energy management, suffered from the other party's breach of contract for a long time, which resulted in serious damage to the enterprise's vitality and no listing plan

in addition, the implementation of vertical management mode in some industrial fields has also become an obstacle to contract energy management. An expert in the field of energy conservation told that, taking the utilization of residual heat and pressure in the power industry as an example, most local governments and local enterprises are more active. However, when the contract amount exceeds 200million yuan, local power plants have no autonomy and need to report to the group headquarters. However, the headquarters are generally not interested in these matters, which is easy to cause the contract to be delayed for a long time. In addition, some energy consuming enterprises have also established internal energy-saving companies, making it more difficult for professional energy-saving companies to obtain orders

competition does exist, but it is not enough to pose a threat to enterprises like us. Geyafei said that the energy-saving industry is highly specialized. Only with technical, financial strength and system integration capabilities, as well as project operation, management experience and brand advantages, can it have core competitiveness in the energy-saving service industry

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